They will long live in the memory of our company. Take a look at my note and what was happening in 1862. ... With the surrender of Port Hudson, Louisiana’s state capital officially also moved to Shreveport, where it remained until the end of the war. The governor also issued a public statement lambasting Butler’s savagery and calling for Louisianans to enlist in the army in order to avenge their state’s honor. . Nevertheless, General Butler’s tenure has its defenders as well as its detractors. Although they failed in their military goal, their actions contributed to a changing attitude toward the use of African American troops. These men were led by officers from a variety of backgrounds ranging from professionally-trained West Pointers to businessmen and political appointees. This article was... Found in the New York Times a letter from a soldier in the 174th New York written during the Siege of Port Hudson . The group fought in every major battle in Virginia throughout the Civil War and suffered high casualties. Louisiana. And, with its capitulation, the Union Army controlled the full-length of the Mississippi River, thereby severing the Confederacy in two. Shreveport held significant strategic value as the home of both Louisiana’s Confederate government and the headquarters of Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith’s Trans-Mississippi Department. For additional information… The Red River Campaign and the End of the War. While these units had official status, many residents fought without such sanction. In 1860, Louisiana possessed 331,726 slaves, which were 46.8 percent of the state’s population (and 59 percent of the population outside of New Orleans). Louisiana held an interesting political climate during the American Civil War. The 1864 Constitution was emblematic of Louisiana’s role as a test case for President Lincoln’s Reconstruction policies. Ordered to Vicksburg in May, the men saw only picket duty during the first Union attack on that place, May 18-July 27. More books and articles are listed other pages. Throughout the war, a key component of overall Union strategy—often labeled the Anaconda Plan—called for the capture of the Mississippi River in order to divide the Confederacy in two parts. Officially, Butler returned slaves belonging to loyal slaveholders while allowing slaves of Confederate owners to remain in New Orleans, yet in practice this distinction was difficult to maintain. The museum is the oldest in Louisiana and houses one of the largest collections of Confederate memorabilia in the United States. Later, Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction called for a state’s reentry in the Union after a portion of the population equaling 10 percent of the votes cast in the 1860 presidential election swore loyalty to the United States. He reported several troop movements he noticed on his trip from Morganza to Washington, to Alexandria, and then back to the south to Washington. “The Civil War in Louisiana is a carefully written and beautifully edited book and will stand for many years as the authoritative work on the Civil War in Louisiana.”, Florida Historical Quarterly “Exhaustive and exciting. All land protected on Bisland and Irish Bend is done entirely through Louisiana's state government with no Federal stewardship or nonprofit organizations. Stone, Kate. Some also applaud him for feeding the city’s hungry residents and providing work for the poor. In particular, Butler has been praised for quickly pacifying the city without much violence and for ordering the cleaning of the city, which reduced the annual influx of disease. In addition to military action, Winters discusses the political, economic, and social aspects of the war in Louisiana. Other Names: Norwood’s Plantation. His men fought against Confederate conscription officers, robbed civilians, and refused an offer to join the Union army. Romane Romane . On May 26, 1865, Edmund General Kirby Smith surrendered his forces, the last major Confederate army in the field, officially ending the Civil War in Louisiana. New book on the Civil War in Louisiana 12th Infantry 15. Louisiana Civil War Guide. … That is because it was not a large-scale battle. More State Videos . Beauregard, commanded the Confederate forces in Charleston, S.C., which fired on Fort Sumter. Although guerrillas helped confine Union troops to the area around New Orleans and Baton Rouge, their actions often enraged their fellow residents, who suffered from Union reprisals. Capers, Gerald M.Occupied City: New Orleans Under the Federals, 1862–1865. 3 (August 1974): 421, 429. CIVIL WAR SOLDIERS AND SAILORS SYSTEM; Louisiana Battles from Dyer's Compendium. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1879. Winters, John D. The Civil War in Louisiana. There, some of the state’s units earned the moniker “Louisiana Tigers” for combining ferocious fighting with a notorious lack of discipline that frightened both northern and southern civilians. However Louisiana also had one of the largest free black populations in the United States. The cannons were donated to the university by Union General William Tecumseh Sherman, who served as the first superintendent of the academy that became LSU from 1859-1861. Louisiana formed 265 military units for the Confederacyand 23 for the Union. Established in 1963 The Baton Rouge Civil War Round Table is a non-profit organization and is one of the oldest civil war round tables in the country. MAINE-- 12th and 22d Infantry. As early as December 1862, the Union government held congressional elections in New Orleans. Remaining near Vicksburg through the winter, the regiment was assigned to General William E. Baldwin's brigade. After General Robert E. Lee’s army surrendered at Appomattox in April 1865, a few diehards in Louisiana tried to hold out longer. Governor James Madison Wells succeeded him as ruler of the reconstructed portion of the state. VIDEO | Lindsey Morrison of the Civil War Trust speaks on the role that her home state of Florida played in the Civil War. Map of a part of Louisiana and Mississippi, illustrating the operations of the U.S. forces, in the Department of the Gulf Scale ca. The Civil War in Louisiana begins with the first talk of secession in the state and ends with the last tragic days of the war. Louisiana’s role in the war was critical. : Louis) XIV. Ironically, the Louisiana Native Guard was initially a Confederate unit. In response to Butler’s conduct, Confederate President Jefferson Davis called for his execution, and Governor Moore urged that the Confederacy execute a Union prisoner of war in retaliation for Mumford’s death. 9th Infantry 12. Of these, 219 were killed in battle, 104 died of disease, 5 were killed in accidents, 1 drownded and 1 man was executed for desertion. Louisiana declared that it had seceded from the Union on January 26, 1861. Often labeled jayhawkers, some groups combined draft dodgers, deserters, and outlaws, and fought against both Union and Confederate soldiers while preying on the civilian population.