The currency of the overseas provinces is minted and issued by the Banco Nacional Ultramarino (BNU). The PRGB became the first overseas party to win the majority of seats in its Provincial Legislative Council and to censure and remove its Executive Council with a new one. This lead to the constitutional reform and Overseas Charter of 1930. Slaves labeled as 'Minas' and 'Angolas' rose in high demand during the boom. [10] A key supporter of this policy was Infante Dom Henry the Navigator, who had been involved in the capture of Ceuta, and who took the lead role in promoting and financing Portuguese maritime exploration until his death in 1460. The Portuguese Constitutions of 1911 and 1927 gave full representation to the overseas colonies in the Congress of the Republic and the power to enactment legislation for its administration. Under António Salazar (in office 1932–1968), the Second Portuguese Republic made some ill-fated attempts to cling on to its last remaining colonies. [105], The Portuguese were soundly defeated in their attempt to capture wealthy Somali harbor cities on the Somali coast such as Mogadishu, Merca, Barawa, Kismayo and Hobyo by the powerful Somalis of the Ajuran Empire. Its zenith were the two 5 year public works plans (I e II Planos de Fomento do África Ultramarina) approved by the CSFU with substantial budget from the BFU in the late 1930s. [22] The success of sugar merchants such as Bartolomeo Marchionni would propel the investment in future travels. Portuguese Overseas Territories Vasco N. P. FORTUNA (translation) In accordance with the orientation already defined in the preceding chronicle, these personal comments on the economic events in the Portu-guese Overseas Territories refer to the period between June 1957 and June 1958. Decolonization prompted the exodus of nearly all the Portuguese colonial settlers and of many mixed-race people from the colonies. [187][188], At the height of European colonialism in the 19th century, Portugal had lost its territory in South America and all but a few bases in Asia. Portugal enjoyed a virtual monopoly on the African seaborne slave trade for over a century, importing around 800 slaves annually. Macau and Goa are designated Metropolitan Areas. [93][94][95], The Portuguese also made direct contact with the Kongolose vassal state Ndongo and its ruler Ngola Kiljuane in 1520, after the latter requested missionaries. [157] They would continue to use Muscat as a base for repetitive incursions within the Indian Ocean, including capturing Fort Jesus in 1698. The handover on December 20, 1999 officially marked the end of the Portuguese Empire and end of colonialism in Asia. [103] By 1570 the Portuguese bought part of a Japanese port where they founded a small part of the city of Nagasaki,[104] and it became the major trading port in Japan in the triangular trade with China and Europe. [28], As the Portuguese explored the coastlines of Africa, they left behind a series of padrões, stone crosses engraved with the Portuguese coat of arms marking their claims,[29] and built forts and trading posts. Benin's claims over São João Baptista de Ajudá were accepted by Portugal in 1974. Many translated example sentences containing "overseas" – Portuguese-English dictionary and search engine for Portuguese translations. [207] East Timor also declared independence in 1975 by making an exodus of many Portuguese refugees to Portugal, which was also known as retornados. The Dutch also had regional control of the lucrative sugar-producing region of northeast Brazil as well as Luanda, but the Portuguese regained these territories after considerable struggle. Eventually, Brazil became the most valuable colony of the second era of empire (1663–1825), until, as part of the wave of independence movements that swept the Americas during the early 19th century, it broke away in 1822. [191] However, the idea was unacceptable to the British, who had their own aspirations of contiguous British territory running from Cairo to Cape Town. Of importance in Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and Cape Verde. 205-206 above. | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. The ensuing Cold War also created instabilities among Portuguese overseas populations, as the United States and Soviet Union vied to increase their spheres of influence. However republicans themselves where divided between colonial paternalism or full independence. [34][35] Whether or not this was the case, the long-standing Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama. Check 'overseas territory' translations into Portuguese. SCIENTIFIC EXPEDITIONS IN THE PORTUGUESE OVERSEAS TERRITORIES 1783-1808. [138], In 1580, King Philip II of Spain invaded Portugal after a crisis of succession brought about by King Sebastian of Portugal's death during a disastrous Portuguese attack on Alcácer Quibir in Morocco in 1578. Salazar rebuffed a request in 1950 by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to return the enclaves, viewing them as integral parts of Portugal. These survivors would settle Gloria Bay, Flamengo Beach, and Parapapuã with the assistance of the Tamoio natives. In spite of the high death rate associated with the slaves involved in the mining industry, the owners that allowed slaves that extracted above the minimum amount of gold to keep the excesses, which in turn led to the possibility of manumission. They established a trading center at Tangasseri, Quilon (Coulão, Kollam) city in (1503) in 1502, which became the centre of trade in pepper,[41] and after founding manufactories at Cochin (Cochim, Kochi) and Cannanore (Canonor, Kannur), built a factory at Quilon in 1503. [172], In 1755 Lisbon suffered a catastrophic earthquake, which together with a subsequent tsunami killed between 40,000 and 60,000 people out of a population of 275,000. Infobase Publishing, 2009. p. 800, Hong Kong & Macau 14 By Andrew Stone, Piera Chen, Chung Wah Chow Lonely Planet, 2010. pp. "Empire" as a description of foreign policy, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 14:32. It made recommendations concerning personnel for the administrative, fiscal, and military, as well as bishops of overseas dioceses. Portugal pressed into the hinterland of Angola and Mozambique, and explorers Serpa Pinto, Hermenegildo Capelo and Roberto Ivens were among the first Europeans to cross Africa west to east. Many translated example sentences containing "overseas territory of the United Kingdom" – Portuguese-English dictionary and search engine for Portuguese translations. Historian A.R. On the establishment of the Republic in 1910, the provisional government pledge a new organization of overseas territories and a halt of colonial plundering. According to Fernão Mendes Pinto, who claimed to be in this journey, they arrived at Tanegashima, where the locals were impressed by firearms, that would be immediately made by the Japanese on a large scale. Once this psychological barrier had been crossed, it became easier to probe further along the coast. [4] After establishing itself as a separate kingdom in 1139, Portugal completed its reconquest of Moorish territory by reaching Algarve in 1249, but its independence continued to be threatened by neighbouring Castile until the signing of the Treaty of Ayllón in 1411. [111], Within a few years after Cabral arrived from Brazil, competition came along from France. One key reform was the end of native customary laws and its full integration to Portuguese law system as part of the civilizing mission. [45] Madagascar was partly explored by Cunha, and Mauritius was discovered by Cunha whilst possibly being accompanied by Albuquerque. Portugal lost effective control of the enclaves of Dadra and Nagar Haveli in 1954, and finally the rest of the overseas territory in December 1961, when it was annexed by India under the Nehru Government. The republican school was given the mission of creating and inculcating ... those qualities necessary for the exercise of the private and public rights of the Portuguese citizen and subject. Exploratory missions were carried out both ordered by the government, the "entradas" (entries), and by private initiative, the "bandeiras" (flags), by the "bandeirantes". [158] In Ethiopia and Japan in the 1630s, the ousting of missionaries by local leaders severed influence in the respective regions. [46] After the capture of Socotra, Cunha and Albuquerque operated separately. After nearly three years of fighting (from a Portuguese perspective), World War I ended, with an armistice being signed by Germany. Cookies help us deliver our services. Though the Ottomans responded with support of soldiers and muskets to the Adal Sultanate, after the death of the Adali sultan Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi in the battle of Wayna Daga in 1543, the joint Adal-Ottoman force retreated. [181] Several more smaller-scale slave rebellions and revolts would occur from 1801 and 1816 and fears within Brazil were that these events would lead to a "second Haiti". In 1954, a local uprising resulted in the overthrow of the Portuguese authorities in the Indian enclave of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. [163], After the Portuguese were defeated by the Indian rulers Chimnaji Appa of the Maratha Empire[164][165] and by Shivappa Nayaka of the Keladi Nayaka Kingdom[166] and at the end of confrontations with the Dutch, Portugal was only able to cling onto Goa and several minor bases in India, and managed to regain territories in Brazil and Africa, but lost forever to prominence in Asia as trade was diverted through increasing numbers of English, Dutch and French trading posts. [6] There were several probable motives for their first attack, on the Marinid Sultanate (in present-day Morocco). Look through examples of overseas territory translation in sentences, listen to pronunciation and learn grammar. [82] In a shifting series of alliances, the Portuguese dominated much of the southern Persian Gulf for the next hundred years. [96] The growing official and unofficial slave trading with Ndongo strained relations between Kongo and the Portuguese, and even had Portuguese ambassadors from Sao Tome support Ndongo against the Kingdom of Kongo. [15] In 1443 Infante Dom Pedro, Henry's brother and by then regent of the Kingdom, granted him the monopoly of navigation, war and trade in the lands south of Cape Bojador. In contrast to Almeida, Albuquerque was more concerned with strengthening the navy,[51] as well as being more compliant with the interests of the kingdom. Following the granting of independence to India by Britain in 1947, and the decision by France to allow its enclaves in India to be incorporated into the newly independent nation, pressure was placed on Portugal to do the same. [134] They launched two attacks in 1561 and 1564 (the latter event was assisting the French), and were nearly successful with each. ), leaving settlers to come up with new revenue sources. [31] These were eventually settled by the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494, which divided the world outside of Europe in an exclusive duopoly between the Portuguese and the Spanish along a north–south meridian 370 leagues, or 970 miles (1,560 km), west of the Cape Verde islands. Midway in the year, Portugal suffered its first World War I casualty. [146], Spanish imperial trade networks now were opened to Portuguese merchants, which was particularly lucrative for Portuguese slave traders who could now sell slaves in Spanish America at a higher price than could be fetched in Brazil. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. From these bases, they engaged profitably in the slave and gold trades. The existence of the remaining Portuguese colonies in India became increasingly untenable and Nehru enjoyed the support of almost all the Indian domestic political parties as well as the Soviet Union and its allies. In 1961, shortly after an uprising against the Portuguese in Angola, Nehru ordered the Indian Army into Goa, Daman and Diu, which were quickly captured and formally annexed the following year. the territories under Portuguese administration with It view to its taking appropriate measures, including 55;/ S/5347, CLR, 18th year, Suppl. [195] Need to translate "overseas territories" to Portuguese? It was published in 1595; the text was then included in the larger volume published in 1596 under the title "Itinerario: voyage, ofte schipvaert van Jan Huygen van Linschoten naer Oost ofte Portugaels Indien, 1579–1592". Over the following decades, Portuguese sailors continued to explore the coasts and islands of East Asia, establishing forts and factories as they went. , 2020 - Explore Ati 's board `` Portuguese Fireplace '' Universitários ) where in... Portugal enjoyed a virtual monopoly on the value of the Papua '' and Kikongo proposed. 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