; not only Jehovah the Father, and his divine Logos or Word, were with them; but his Spirit also, his Holy Spirit, the third Person in the Trinity, of which these words are a proof; the same Spirit which was in Moses and others in his time, for the building of the tabernacle, is now promised unto, and should continue with, the builders of this temple; as a Spirit of wisdom and counsel to direct them, and as a Spirit of might and power to strengthen and assist them: and so he is, and will be, in the churches of Christ, and in the midst of his people, to assist the ministers of the word in preaching, the people in hearing, praying, and praising; to carry on his own work in them; to be the Comforter of them, and the seal, earnest, and pledge of their future glory; nor does he, nor ever will he, depart from them; see Isaiah 59:21. fear ye not: succeeding in the work, and finishing it; nor be dismayed at what the ancient people had said; nor be afraid of enemies, who did all they could to hinder and discourage them from going on with their work; and indeed there is no reason to fear, let the service be what it will the Lord employs his people in; if he, Father, Son, and Spirit, are with them; see Isaiah 41:10. This was done, ‘not by the conversion of the Godhead into Flesh, but by taking the Manhood into God.’ He was very God, and He became very Man, and the Spirit of God dwelt in Him without measure. (5) According to the word.—Better, with the word. Haggai 2:9 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament Jehovah can fill this house with glory, because the silver and gold which the heathen nations possess belong to Him. The adaptation of the blessing to all times and all circumstances. The text ought to speak to such some heart-searching and heart-breaking appeals. 8. and in his Die Proph. And yet while we cannot speak of all, or of many of the operations of the Holy Spirit, one, and that a most principal one, the Church brings again prominently before us to-day; to-day is Whitsuntide and also the beginning of Ember week, the week that is set apart by the Church, with special prayer and fasting, in preparation for the ordination next Sunday. ), The presence of the Holy Spirit in the Church an antidote to her fears. As Jehovah Himself lives ever, so His Spirit shall follow us ever through all the changing scenes of time. The things which the eye hath not seen, and the ear hath not heard, and the heart of man hath not conceived of, are made known to us by the Spirit of God. if his Spirit remain in us, Jeremiah 31:33, working illumination, 1 Corinthians 2:14-15, mortification, Romans 8:13, motion, Romans 8:14, gifts, 1 Corinthians 12:4; 1 Corinthians 12:7-8, &c., fruits, Galatians 5:22-23, strength, Isaiah 11:2, courage, as here. Fear not, for the existence of God’s Church among you is of some importance to the surrounding locality. The certainty of the blessing. And so, when the Lord’s people have His Spirit remaining among them, they have no reason to fear that the work and cause of God shall be overthrown, either by temporal or by spiritual enemies. Sometimes affliction detains them for a long time from countenancing and encouraging by their presence those who delight in their company, and hold them in high esteem for their steadfast attachment to the truth and fidelity to the cause of Christ. We are to mention some evidences of the spirit’s remaining among a people, or in the Church of Christ. So my spirit remaineth among you] Not the substance, but the gifts of the Spirit; not the tree, but the fruits. Besides such promises of God’s abiding favour as Exodus 29:45-46, they have among them the abiding presence of His Holy Spirit. All these worketh one and the self-same Spirit, dividing to every man severally as He will." The promise itself. So Deuteronomy 6:4, when Moses beginneth to rehearse the law, and to explain it, the first thing he teacheth them is the Trinity in Unity and Unity in Trinity. "The word" ('eth-haddâbhâr) cannot be either the accusative of the object to the preceding verb ‛ăsū (Haggai 2:4), or to any verb we may choose to supply, or the preposition 'ēth, with, or the accusative of norm or measure (Luther, Calvin, and others). The words which I covenanted - The words stand more forcibly, because abruptly. (W. 183. The prophets were Haggai and Zechariah, the son of Barachiah. See Hebrews 9:15, and take notice of the unity of the faith in both Testaments; they of old saw Christ afar off in the promises, they greeted him ( ασπασαμενοι), and were regreeted by him, Hebrews 11:13. 1 Chronicles 17:19, and in the New, Luke 1:1-80 : 2 John 1:1, 1 John 5:7. ‘I am come in My Father’s name, and ye receive Me not; if another should come in his own name, him ye will receive.’ To come in one’s own name is to come to the world as one of its own, and the world will receive its own. He called the people to 'consider your ways' and to 'be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might.' They felt the pressure of the Divine Presence in the question of the origin of the ministry: they adopted a consistent Agnostic position, and withheld their confession both of the ministry and of Christ. In His providence they may be placed at a great distance from their brethren, so that they cannot be with them, as they were wont, nor so serviceable to them as they used to be. Haggai 2:4 : Haggai 2:6 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. It is not the word, which they vowed to the Lord, at the conclusion of the covenant, that they are to do now, but the work which they had begun, viz., the building of the temple, they are now to continue. It is delivered on December 18, 520 BC, three months after the work on the temple had begun. We have not, we fear, improved our privileges aright, nor rendered unto the Lord according to the benefits we have received; and in judgment the Lord has recalled His gifts. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Having these, let them not be afraid. Suspensions may stop, and deprivations utterly put off the use or exercise of power before given; but voluntarily it is not in the power of man to separate and pull asunder what God by His authority coupleth.’ And this was evidently the teaching of the Church at the close of the second century, for Tertullian rallies the heretics of his day with their ‘careless, capricious, and inconsistent ordinations,’ wherefore he says,’ One man is Bishop to-day, another to-morrow; to-day deacon who to-morrow will be reader; to-day Presbyter who to-morrow will be layman, for even to laymen,’ he adds, ‘they commit the priestly offices.’ Such a system he well calls ‘futilis, humana, terrena.’ It tells nothing against this Divine origin and power of the ministry that it borrows names and outward form from organisations existing in the world in which it works; this is nothing more than the taking of the dust of the ground to make the first Adam, or taking of the flesh of the Blessed Virgin to accomplish the Incarnation of the Son of God. Both views are too narrow; rūăch is the divine power which accompanies the word of promise and realizes it in a creative manner, i.e., not merely "the virtue with which God will establish their souls, that they may not be overcome by temptations" (Calvin), but also the power of the Spirit working in the world, which is able to remove all the external obstacles that present themselves to the realization of the divine plan of salvation. ‘I am come in My Father’s name, and ye receive Me not.’ Such a ministry could not, of course, be taken up and laid aside like a mere civil appointment. There is no single believer who is not himself the possessor of the Holy Spirit’s influence. The word; either the word of promise to give them his presence, and to carry them through all opposition, or, the Word, the Son of God, promised to them and us; so it refers to Christ, in whom all the promises are yea and amen. . Jeremiah 7:22-23, and Jeremiah 11:4). Greater glory promised to the second temple than to the first. It is perfectly arbitrary to supply the verb zikhrū, remember (Ewald and Hengstenberg), and to understand the prophet as reminding them of the word "fear not" (Exodus 20:17-20). Hereby, then, we may know whether or not we are in covenant with God (the devil will be sure to sweep all that are not), sc. We are aware that there are some who imagine that such unity in the truth, and purity of Church fellowship, is too chimerical an idea to be realised “It is not possible” say they, “unless we are to conceive men to have only one mind, and to be divested of volition and of independence.” But we reply that all the sacred writers disprove this, for they has volition and independence, and yet spoke the same thing. The Biblical Illustrator. {See Trapp on "Genesis 1:1"} Elihu speaks of the Almighty his makers, Job 35:10. II. Christ, then, was a Saviour to those of the Old Testament also, "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world," Revelation 13:8. So - or, and, connecting "I am with you" (Haggai 2:4) and "my Spirit remaineth among you;" "according to the word that I covenanted with you" being in a parenthesis. An EasyEnglish Translation and Commentary (1200 word vocabulary) on the Book of Haggai. My Spirit abideth among you, - as the Psalmist says Psalm 102:27, “they (the heavens) perish and Thou abidest” Psalm 33:11, “The counsel of the Lord standeth forever” Psalm 111:3, “His righteousness endureth forever.” The Spirit of God is God the Holy Spirit, with His manifold gifts. True, there had been a gross misunderstanding on secular Israel's part about what God's blessing meant, most of them interpreting it to mean that God would help them subdue all earthly enemies and incorporate the defeated nations into Israel's "godless state" or "kingdom," which was a concept foreign to God altogether. p. 76, 77. The more exact idiom would have been "Remember," "take to heart." (20-23) Commentary on Haggai 2:1-9 (Read Haggai 2:1-9) Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. In confirmation of this promise the Lord adds, that the word which He concluded with them on their coming out of Egypt, and His Spirit, will continue among them. There are those who feel that unless they are found working for Christ they cannot reasonably hope that they have been saved by Christ. The Jews were greatly discouraged in building the second temple by the number and power of their enemies, and by their open hostility, secret plots, and contrivances to defeat them in the work in which they were engaged. The doctrine of the Holy Spirit’s presence and power in the Church is not less vital to her interests than the doctrine of salvation by the finished work of Christ. Ver. 2. eschatological, to YHWH's presence (cf. But the prophet points to it the more energetically, because he casts it, as it were, into the midst, not bound up with any one verb. The Church, ever varying in the individuals of whom it is composed, is, throughout all ages, in God's sight, one; His promises to the fathers are made to the children in them. 2:8 and 9. (1-9) Their sins hindered the work. My spirit — Of strength and courage, of wisdom and understanding. 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